Available at our Stockton, Tracy & Lodi locations, glaucoma treatments may include eye drops, laser surgery or microsurgery.
Prescription eye drops are often the first step to treating glaucoma. There are many different kinds of eye drops that can be used. Be sure to follow your doctor’s instructions to avoid added damage to the optic nerve.
- Prostaglandins are to treat open-angle glaucoma. These relax muscles in the eye’s interior, allowing for better outflow of fluids, and reduce eye pressure build up.
- Beta-Blockers are used in conjunction with Prostaglandins. Beta-blockers decrease aqueous fluid production in the eye. These have been known to have adverse side effects for those with heart problems, emphysema, and diabetes. Side effects reported are stinging and burning during application and lightening or curling of the lashes.
- Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors can be taken orally, but are given as an eye drop. Side effects are burning and bitter taste.
- Alpha Adregernic Argonists decrease the rate of aqueous fluid production and used with other anti-glaucoma drugs. There are reports of red eyes and dilated pupils.
- Parasympathomimetics is used for closed angle glaucoma to increase the outflow of aqueous fluid to control intraocular pressure. Side effects are pupil constriction, brow ache, and burning.
- Epinephrine is used to reduce the rate of aqueous fluid production while also increasing the outflow. Noted side effects are blocked tear ducts, heart palpitation, and increased heart rate.
- Hypersomics reduce the fluid volume in the eye in emergency situations as a one time use for people with extremely high intraocular pressure.
If eye drops do not work the alternative is surgery. Although surgery may reduce lower intraocular pressure, it will no reverse any vision loss from glaucoma.
- A Laser Trabeculoplasty is an outpatient procedure to treat open-angle glaucoma. After numbing your eye, a high-energy laser beam is used to open the clogged drainage canals. This allows fluid to drain freely from your eye reducing pressure.
- Filtering Surgery is performed if all other attempts to treat glaucoma are ineffective. The surgeon cuts a small opening into the sclera, the white of your eye, removing a small piece of tissue at bottom of the cornea. This tissue is the trabeular meshwork. Removal of the trabecular meshwork allows the fluid to drain freely. The surgeon will only perform this on one eye at a time.
Consult the ophthalmologists at our Glaucoma Centers in Stockton, Tracy & Lodi to discuss your treatment options.